Since its release in November 2022, OpenAI’s ChatGPT has been a game-changer in the field of generative artificial intelligence (AI). Its ability to understand natural language and produce informative human-like responses has transformed various industries, such as banking, programming, healthcare, sales and marketing.
As technology continues to evolve, we can only expect to see more advanced conversational AI tools in the future. On March 14, 2023, GPT-4, the latest addition to the OpenAI playground was released. This advanced language model promises to be more powerful and reliable than its predecessor, GPT-3.
OpenAI claims that GPT-4 is trained to be safer and more factual. It can also accept longer text inputs of up to 25,000 words in contrast to the previous 3,000 words. GPT-4 is now available on ChatGPT Plus and powers Bing AI, Microsoft’s search engine.
Although the GPT-3 text generator has been an impressive example of the applications of artificial intelligence, not everyone has been pleased with its capabilities.
Some critics argue that chatbots and AI tools may provide inaccurate or biased responses. Others have raised concerns about data privacy and job security. Additionally, some worry that OpenAI’s ChatGPT could be used for malicious purposes, such as manipulating public beliefs or spreading misinformation via AI generated content.
Like any powerful technology, the GPT-3 text generator has risks and limitations. Some countries have already taken measures to ban the use of ChatGPT and have emphasized the need to establish proper AI regulation.
In this article, we delve into the doubts and criticisms surrounding the use of the GPT-3 text generator and GPT-4 language model and their potential impact on the future of AI. Additionally, we explore possible measures to mitigate concerns related to generative AI tools.
Fears and Criticisms Surrounding Generative AI Technology
As generative AI like ChatGPT continues to move rapidly, governments worldwide are taking various approaches to ensure responsible AI use and development. We explore how different countries are responding to the recent AI boom.
Italy has become the first country in the West to temporarily ban ChatGPT over data privacy concerns. Italian data protection authority, Garante, barred OpenAI from processing local data due to suspicion that the chatbot violated Europe’s strict data privacy regulations.
According to Garante, there is no legal basis to justify “the mass collection and storage of personal data for the purpose of ‘training’ the algorithms underlying the operation of the platform.”
It also criticized ChatGPT’s lack of age restrictions, which could lead to minors being exposed to responses deemed inappropriate for their level of development and awareness.
OpenAI risks facing a fine of 20 million euros if it fails to come up with solutions to Garante’s concerns by April 30, 2023. To comply with the order, OpenAI must be transparent about its data collection and processing practices.
On April 28, the company announced that it had implemented many of the requested changes, including:
• Developing an online form that enables users to opt out of and delete their data from ChatGPT’s training algorithms.
• Providing clearer information about how ChatGPT processes their data.
• Requiring Italian users to provide their date of birth during sign-up, allowing the platform to identify and block users under 13.
• Requiring users under 18 to obtain parental permission before using the platform.
Even though the ban has been lifted, the Italian regulator’s investigation into OpenAI’s Chat-GPT is ongoing. The company is still expected to meet the remaining demands, including launching a publicity campaign to ChatGPT users about how the technology works and how they can opt out of data sharing.
On March 30, 2023, the Center for AI and Digital Policy (CAIDP), a non-profit research organization, filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). The complaint called on the FTC to investigate OpenAI and GPT-4, which the CAIDP describes as “biased, deceptive” and threatens user privacy and public safety.
CAIDP alleges that GPT-4’s commercial release violates FTC’s rules against deception and unfairness. Additionally, the Center highlights that OpenAI itself acknowledges that AI has the potential to “reinforce” ideas, regardless of their validity.
According to the complaint:
• CAIDP calls for the suspension of OpenAI’s future releases of large language models until they meet the FTC’s guidelines.
• OpenAI must require independent reviews of GPT products and services before their release.
• CAIDP urges FTC to create an incident reporting system and implement formal standards for AI generators.
Marc Rotenberg, the President of CAIDP, was one of more than 1,000 people who signed an open letter calling for OpenAI and other AI researchers to pause their work for six months to facilitate discussions on ethics. Elon Musk, one of OpenAI founders, and Steve Wozniak, the co-founder of Apple, were also among the signatories.
The FTC has declined to offer a statement, and OpenAI has not provided any comments on the matter.
There are currently no restrictions on ChatGPT or any other kind of AI use in the UK. Instead, the government calls on regulators to apply existing policies to AI usage. It wants to ensure companies are developing and using AI tools responsibly and are transparent about certain decisions.
In line with this, the government recently published a white paper to drive responsible innovation and maintain public trust in AI technology. While these proposals don’t mention ChatGPT by name, they highlight principles companies must follow when using AI in their products:
• Safety, security and robustness
• Transparency and explainability
• Accountability and governance
• Contestability and redress
According to Digital Minister Michelle Donelan, the government’s non-statutory approach will enable it to rapidly respond to AI advances and take further action if required.
Compared to their British counterparts, the rest of Europe is looking to adopt a more stringent approach toward AI regulation.
The European Union has proposed the European AI Act, which restricts the use of AI in education, law enforcement, critical infrastructure and the judicial system.
The EU’s draft rules classify ChatGPT as a type of general-purpose AI utilized in high-risk applications. These high-risk AI systems are defined by the commission as those that could impact people’s fundamental rights or safety. These systems would face measures including strict risk assessments. They would also be required to eliminate any discrimination stemming from the datasets feeding the algorithms.
Should We Be Afraid of Generative Artificial Intelligence?
The short answer is no. AI technology itself does not pose any inherent danger to public safety. Ultimately, only time will tell what the future of AI holds, but if we practice ethical and responsible usage,
Like any form of technology, generative AI like ChatGPT can be used or abused. While they have the potential to enhance people’s lives and revolutionize industries, they can also be utilized in ways that may perpetuate biases and discrimination, threaten human safety or raise ethical concerns.
That being said, we should remember that AI simply performs tasks it has been programmed to do. In other words, humans remain largely in control of these AI tools. We can set limits and regulate its use to avoid misinformation, privacy breaches and other negative consequences.
Still, it pays to approach applications of artificial intelligence with caution. AI tools must be developed and used responsibly and ethically. This requires effective and transparent regulation and oversight.
More importantly developers, researchers, industry leaders, governments and the public must collaborate to establish guidelines and best practices for the use and deployment of generative AI tools.
The future of AI is uncertain but exciting. As long as developers and tech companies prioritize fair, secure and responsible AI usage, we can ensure that it will benefit society rather than cause harm.
The Role of Transparency and Accountability
User data privacy is one of the biggest concerns regulators and governments have with generative artificial intelligence tools. As a language model, GPT-4 requires vast amounts of data to function and improve. This raises concerns about how users’ personal information is stored, used and protected as AI like ChatGPT has the potential to reveal sensitive user information.
Transparency and accountability are key to ensure that ChatGPT and other AI language models are used responsibly.
Transparency requires OpenAI founders and developers to disclose not only how the models work, but also potential biases, errors and privacy or security risks.
Accountability means designers OpenAI founders are held responsible for any mistakes or misuse of their technology.
Incorporating transparency and accountability in AI regulation also means:
• Developing and implementing standards for responsible use.
• Creating independent oversight bodies to track and assess AI innovation, user data privacy and processing and AI generated content. These bodies must also take action if the technology is used for malicious purposes.
• Ensuring continuous public dialogue and debate about responsible AI development and usage.
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Overall, AI tools should be fair, transparent and easy to explain. By incorporating ethical principles into their design process, generative AI systems can positively impact the world in more ways than one can imagine. These systems can improve decision-making and boost productivity while ensuring users’ rights and safety are protected.
Only time will tell what the future of AI holds. But businesses must start experimenting with the OpenAI playground and the best ChatGPT prompts now to maximize their benefits.
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